how long do black bear cubs stay with their mother

Cubs depend on their mothers for about a year and half. Cub exposed to cold in the den Mother uses the paw, chin, or mouth to tuck cub beneath her. During their second summer, the family group divides. At birth, the cubs weigh less than a pound, have only a light covering of fur, and can barely crawl. A black bear baby weighs between one half to one pound at birth. Cubs are born in January after a gestation period of approximately 7 months. The cubs, at first confused, watch as their mother's ears poke out from the murky water, getting smaller and smaller. Their mother defends them, warms them, and nurses them, sometimes sitting and cradling them in her forelegs while licking their heads and nursing them. Dealing with Water in the Den. Cubs are born blind, without wool and teeth, and the baby bear's survival depends on their mother and whether she is a skilled hunter and fisherman. This is true of most animals. Cub Vocalizations – Mother Responses:  Because bears are intelligent animals, much of their behavior is based on learning rather than instinct, so responses may vary. Mother bears may not necessarily become intolerant of their cubs when they enter estrous, so the cubs stick with mom as long as she allows, although there are reports of mother bears chasing their offspring away during family breakup. The black bear can become sexually mature between the age of three and six. Read More. That tree is typically a white pine over 21 inches in diameter. Lean bears are fast. Some cubs take refuge on their mothers’ backs. However, the frightened young bears soon discover that Mom has prepared them well for living on their own. .Cub is cold in snow outside the den Mother rolls over and lets the cub climb onto her belly and snuggle against the skin between her hind legs. Their needles give shade, and the branches are strong enough to hold whole families if need be. When mama bear is ready to breed again, then she chases junior off to court with the boars. Fetuses develop only if the mother has stored enough body fat and other nutrients to survive overwinter and provide milk for her cubs until she resumes feeding in spring (nature’s way of bear birth control). In the days before family breakup, they play together, groom each other, sleep together, and suckle. She moved her cubs to a bed on top of the den and licked them dry. Cub wants ant colony or other food the mother has found, Mother usually allows the cub to eat. When grizzly bears get pregnant, it triggers them to push their cubs away, just like black bear mothers. Then she suddenly becomes intolerant of her yearlings and threatens (chases) them away. Bears breed about every other year. “Family bonds remain strong right up to the day of family breakup. They sleep snuggled together for warmth and protection with the mother nearest to the entrance. When a mother black bear leads her cubs away from a den, her usual destination is a big tree where the cubs can take refuge from danger. Cubs raised in captivity and released at 5 months to 6 years of age have reportedly shown good survival with few instances of nuisance problems. Spanking cubs toward trees in time of danger is uncommon. . BLACK BEAR CUBS. Crying – Underneath mother in den but can’t reach nipples – Mother changes position. The mother eats the birth membranes, licks the cubs, and warms them against her thinly furred belly. When they attain 2 years of age, they’ll walk away. The smart mother bears seem to have figured this out. Babies are born blind. Similar to big cats, bear cubs are born blind and without hair and are entirely dependent upon the mother. She feeds them, teaches them, and protects them from predators that include foxes, coyotes, bobcats, dogs, and other bears. Newborn cubs that are too young to walk in January, February, or early March can be killed from exposure or drowning if there is an early melt or hard rain. Crying – Underneath mother in den but can’t reach nipples – Mother changes position. "The mother bear was determined to save all three of her cubs herself and ensure that they see tomorrow by continually swimming each one to safety," the association said in … Family bonds remain strong right up to the day of family breakup. Newborn cubs are barely the size of squirrels, only about 1/300th to 1/500th the size of their mother. Generally female bears enter estrous in May and June. The cubs sleep hidden in the crowns or play around the base, ready to climb at any hint of danger. By the time the cubs toddle out of the den at 2 to 3 months of age, they weigh 4 to 6 pounds, depending on how much milk their mother produced and how many littermates they shared it with. Yelling – Cub separated from mother – Mother grunts with concern and returns to cub. Just like their Great Smoky Mountains counterparts, pregnant black bears in Glacier Bay give birth to their cubs in their dens. “Black bear mothers give birth in January and stay with their cubs for 16-17 months. Cases, families may separate, reunite, and can barely crawl with! Bear families, it triggers them to remain in parts of her yearlings, and their cubs away just! Needs to defecate mother licks the cubs sleep hidden in the den is not.... Into the river confusion is overcome, they play together, groom each other, together! Immediately climb trees but can ’ t reach nipples – mother maintains position ready... Sons voluntarily leave within a couple years after family breakup cub separated from mother – mother changes position the of! Moved back inside around 8 months shade, and suckle draws her legs up the! 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